Exploring Narrative Texts


Narrative texts are stories that are used to entertain, inform, or engage the reader. They can be found in various forms such as novels, short stories, myths, and legends. In this lesson, we will explore the features of narrative texts, analyze their structure, and understand the purpose behind them. We will also dive into different narrative techniques used by authors to create engaging and impactful stories.

1. Features of Narrative Texts:

1.1 Characters: The main characters in a narrative text drive the story forward and take part in the events. They can be fictional or real.

1.2 Setting: The setting refers to the time and place where the story occurs. It helps to create a realistic atmosphere and background for the events to unfold.

1.3 Plot: The plot is the sequence of events that make up the story. It includes the exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution.

1.4 Point of View: The narrative point of view determines who is telling the story. It can be first-person (narrator is a character in the story) or third-person (narrator is an external observer).

2. Structure of Narrative Texts:

2.1 Exposition: The exposition introduces the characters, setting, and initial conflict of the story. It sets the stage for the events to come.

2.2 Rising Action: The rising action builds tension and suspense as the conflicts and obstacles faced by the characters escalate.

2.3 Climax: The climax is the turning point of the story. It is the most intense and pivotal moment when the main conflict reaches its peak.

2.4 Falling Action: During the falling action, the intensity decreases, and the story starts to wrap up. Loose ends are tied, and the conflicts begin to resolve.

2.5 Resolution: The resolution provides closure to the story. It reveals the final outcome of the conflicts and ties up any remaining loose ends.

3. Narrative Techniques:

3.1 Foreshadowing: Authors use foreshadowing to hint at future events in the narrative, creating anticipation and suspense.

3.2 Flashback: A flashback is used to present events that have happened before the current time of the narrative. It helps to provide background information or reveal important details.

3.3 Dialogue: Dialogue is the conversation between characters in the story. It adds authenticity and depth to the narrative, allowing readers to understand the characters' thoughts, feelings, and motivations.

3.4 Imagery: Imagery involves the use of vivid and descriptive language to create mental pictures and sensory experiences for readers. It enhances the reader's engagement and understanding of the story.


Narrative texts are essential components of literature that allow us to experience different worlds, perspectives, and emotions. By analyzing the features, structure, and techniques used in narrative texts, we can appreciate the art of storytelling and develop our own skills as readers and writers.

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